This is our Galaxy, the Milky Way, note the axis' running through it, and the positioning of the sphere in the lower part of the image, to the right of center. That is the area of our solar system.
This is a closer view of our position in the Milky Way, again note the axis. Now you are positioned outside the sphere. We sit in the middle of that sphere, looking out, so when we look at most star maps, even spherical ones, we are looking at the view from INSIDE the sphere.
This is the Farnese Atlas. It is a statue of the Greek god Atlas, holding the "sky" in the shape of a globe on his shoulders. On the globe are depicted the various constellations, but what is significant is their position in the "sky." This statue is believed to have originated around 200 BC, yet the constellations are lined up exactly as they would be if you were looking up at them from Ancient Athens in the year 1BC. For a more detailed explanation click here.
The artist who created the globe somehow knew how the constellations would look from inside the sphere (where Earth is) at that point in time, then imagined them as they would look from outside the sphere, far out in space, and depicted them that way. Bear in mind, this sculpture was constructed in a time when science believed the earth was flat and the center of the universe. How did the artist know these things?
The images on this Babylonian clay disc, estimated to be from around 1000BC, represent a sky map. The disc, or "planisphere" shows galactic center and anticenter, and a view of the heavens from below Earth, out in space, looking past Earth. How did these "primitive" people know these things?
This is the ceiling of the Temple of Denderah in Egypt, one of the first temples dedicated to the Sky goddess, Hathor (the female figure to the right of the image is Nut, the sky goddess). The green colored symbols in the circle to the left represent the constellations of the eliptic, shown with the axis through them. This relates to Damon Elkins' work establishing the orbital path of Nibiru.
This is an expanded view of the ceiling, fully colored to make it easier to see. Again, all of the constellations are represented in as close to their positions in the sky as stylistically possible within the boundaries of the artwork. What makes this significant is that this is not how the constellations look from Earth. This is how they look from space, looking past Earth towards the galactic pole. One symbol, the Bird on what looks like a bat lying horizontally in the middle far right of the picture, does NOT represent a constellation. This again relates to Damon Elkins' work establishing the orbital path of Nibiru.